A brief summary of the War on Terror and Iraq

Iraq has been a central country of focus in the War on Terror and has been greatly impacted by it. There has been evidence of state-sponsored terrorism since the early 1980’s in the form of attacking Kurdish nationals to prevent the formation of a Kurdish nation. Initial support for war against Iraq was high due to the recent attacks of 9/11 two years previously as well as former American resentment against Saddam Hussein’s regime. One major argument for the war included the concept of preventative war, or war to prevent further terrorist attacks. The assumption made by many, including President Bush, was there was a connection between Saddam Hussein and Al-Qaeda. Ultimately these allegations were proven false and disputed during the war.  Another reason for falling support was the absence of Weapons of Mass Destruction found. There is still disputes today over if US intelligence was deceived or if these weapons did or still continue exist. With the rising death toll of both civilians and military personnel, support for the war declined further and it was announced that all Iraq troops would be withdrawn by August of 2008. Troops were fully withdrawn by December of 2011.

There were many consequences to the War on Terror in Iraq.  One of the biggest results is the declining image of the United States. In particular, the declaration of war was contested by the UN. Kofi Annan, the Secretary General of the United States stated “I have indicated it was not in conformity with the UN Charter. From our point of view, from the Charter point of view, it was illegal“. Another important consequences of the Iraq war are the result of increasing terrorism in the area, including the newly declared Islamic state (formerly ISIS/ISIL).

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